Platform Adaptation Layer

PAL is the layer of Gramine that implements a narrow Drawbridge-like ABI interface (with function names starting with the Pal prefix)

See also

Whenever Gramine requires a service from the host platform (memory allocation, thread management and synchronization, filesystem and network stacks, etc.), it calls the corresponding PAL functionality. The PAL ABI is host-platform agnostic and is backed by the host-platform specific PAL, for example, the Linux-SGX PAL.


A library to augment classic SSL/TLS sessions with Remote Attestation. RA-TLS extends the SSL/TLS handshake protocol to force one endpoint into verifying the SGX Quote embedded into the other endpoint’s certificate chain. RA-TLS is designed to be a drop-in replacement for classic SSL/TLS libraries.

Secret Provisioning

Secret provisioning is a mechanism to deliver secrets (such as encryption keys, passwords, etc.) from a remote trusted party inside a TEE. It is typically built on top of a Secure Channel.

Secure Channel

Secure channels are communication channels for trusted transmission of arbitrary data between a TEE and a remote trusted party or between two TEEs. They are typically built on top of the classic TLS/SSL channels.


Software Guard Extensions is a set of instructions on Intel processors for creating Trusted Execution Environments (TEE). See Introduction to SGX.

Thread Control Block